10 Warning Signs to Recognize Stroke & What to Do if It Happens

Having a stroke is a serious health condition that if it is not prevented in time it can have terminal consequences. It happens when the blood supply to a part of your brain is being disturbed or has decreased function, depriving the brain tissue from oxygen and nutrients. In this case, just in a few minutes, the brain cells will start to die. Therefore, it is of vital importance for the affected person to receive an immediate medical attention so that the damage is minimized and as well as further complications being prevented.

The body sends signs when something is going wrong, and because of that we need to recognize them so that we can help ourselves or the ones that are near us.

First of all, you need to know the distinction between an ischemic stroke and a hemorrhagic stroke. The first one is caused by a blockage and the second one by a rupture of a blood vessel. Each one deprives a part of the brain of blood and oxygen thereby causing death of brain cells.

Ischemic stroke

This type of stroke is the most common one and happens when the blood vessel is blocked by a clog impeding the blood and oxygen to reach a part of the brain. The clot can affect the body in two ways:

  • A clot is being formed somewhere in the body and then lodges in a blood vessel of the brain, and causes embolic stroke.
  • A clot is being formed in a blood vessel in the brain, and causes thrombotic stroke.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

This stroke happens when there is a rupture in a blood vessel or during hemorrhage. In either case, the blood is hampered from reaching a part of the brain. Hemorrhage can happen in any blood vessel in the brain or in the membrane surrounding the brain.

10 Warning Symptoms of Stroke

It is important for all of us to learn these early signs of stroke as stroke is the leading cause of disability in adulthood and the second leading cause of dementia and death.

These symptoms can be divided in two categories:

Common Stroke Symptoms:

  1. Problems with speaking due to the feeling of confusion in expressing the thoughts and difficulty understanding other people’s speech.
  2. Walking issues like losing balance, stumbling, feeling dizziness or losing coordination.
  3. Sudden paralysis or numbness of the arms, legs or face that usually occurs on one side of the body.

***In order to be sure if you are having a stroke or the person near you has one, elevate your both arms over the head for some time, and if an arm starts to fall, then it is most likely that you are dealing with a stroke.

  1. Sudden and severe headache manifested with vertigo or altered consciousness.
  2. Problems with the vision of one or both eyes like having a cloudy vision or seeing dark in one eye or both.

Less Common Stroke Symptoms

These symptoms are mostly experienced by the female gender:

  1. Unexplained pain in the limbs and face.
  2. Sudden shortness of breath along with chest pain.
  3. Unexpected nausea and vomiting without any apparent reason
  4. Confusion, loss of consciousness, or convulsions
  5. Persistent hiccup

How to detect these symptoms?

If you suspect that the person close to you is having a stroke tell him or her to smile and see if one side of his face collapses. Next, ask him or her to elevate his or hers arms and see if they fall. In the end, ask him or her to pronounce a simple sentence and see if his or her words are scrambled or the speech is cloudy.

What to do in a case of stroke?

An immediate action is required and because of that quickly contact the emergency room and by no means wait for the symptoms to go away. The sooner the medical attention is received, the better the chances of survival are. Do not take the affected person to the emergency room but wait for the paramedics who are equipped for immediate action.

Although it may seem to you to give the affected person an aspirin, don’t. This drug is haemorrhagic that will liquidize the blood even more.

Even if the symptoms disappear seek for help as in the case of transient ischemic attack the symptoms do not last long. Yet, this should not be taken lightly as it is a warning sign for incoming major stroke.

Remember when the first symptoms have occurred as there are drugs that cannot be administrated after a certain period of time.


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