The thyroid gland is very important for the body accountable for the proper function of the cellular metabolism. If there is certain disorder in its functions, which means too little or too much production of hormones, the primary body functions like digestion, sleep, reproduction, and appetite can be disturbed. This issue mostly impacts the female gender, but men can also experience thyroid issues.
This gland has the shape of butterfly and it is located in the base of our neck. It acts as a body thermostat by regulating energy, temperature and metabolism. In order to function accordingly, it needs minerals like iodine and selenium which take part in a series of chemical reactions. The thyroid is in charge of many bodily functions like burning of the calories, mood, menstrual cycles, and many other body vital functions.
Therefore, you need to properly take care of the work of this gland and if your experience some of the symptoms below, make sure to visit a doctor and determine the root of these issues.
8 Symptoms of a Thyroid Issue
- Sweats or chills
Excessive sweating occurs when the thyroid is overactive as a result of which the metabolism gets enhanced. In the case when the thyroid is underactive the body tries to preserve heat by reducing blood flow to the skin that can contribute to having chills even on a hot day.
- Gaining or losing weight
Hypothyroidism is commonly manifested by weight gain although you have followed the same diet and lifestyle. The metabolism of the body tissues and cells slows down when the body does not have sufficient amount of thyroid hormones. Even the body’s metabolism is slower, and then it burns less energy.
According to Jason S Baker, endocrinologist at Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian, weight gain or loss occurs gradually in the case of thyroid issue, and it is not detected immediately.
- Digestive disorders
Constipation can be an issue for people who have an underactive thyroid as not enough thyroid hormone can slow down digestion. In the case of an overactive thyroid it is the opposite effect, the body experiences boosted digestion and may cause more frequent bowel movements or diarrhea.
- Fluctuations of appetite
Hypothyroidism lowers the appetite since the body uses less energy, but even though you eat less you gain more weight.
- Irregular menstrual cycle
If your periods become more or less frequent, then this could be an indication of thyroid hyperactivity. If the regular ovulation gets disrupted, the risk of infertility is higher.
- Dry skin and brittle hair
The improper function of the thyroid influences the function of the sebaceous glands as a result of which the skin becomes very dry which can later on trigger hair loss. When the thyroid is overactive, then the skin becomes visibly oilier and hair loss can be an issue.
- Unexplained fatigue
If you experience energy fluctuations without any apparent reason, this can indicate alarming signals of abnormal function of the thyroid gland. Fatigue after having a good night sleep or a nap, is a clear indication of hypothyroidism. You will feel worn out because you have not enough thyroid hormones and a slower metabolism. Likewise, you may experience heart palpitations.
- Bad mood
The disrupted production of thyroid hormones affects the mood. According to a conducted study the changes in the thyroid function influences the production of serotonin, a hormone accountable for the well-being in the brain. In the case of hypothyroidism, people feel a little depressed, and those suffering from hyperthyroidism are agitated, anxious and nervous.