Nature is a wonderful place to spend your free hours like having a walk, riding a bike, running or hiking. Although it can be very relaxing and good for your health you need to take certain precautions when ticks are concerned. For them this is also their natural environment and because of that you can get easily bitten by them. Generally these bites are not dangerous if the tick is not infected by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi.
This corkscrew-shaped can transmit Lyme disease, and the consequences of this infection can start from a simple rash to a partial paralysis of the body. Therefore, we need to be extra careful when ticks are concerned.
This creature is with eight legs that thrives on sucking blood (human or animal). It has variations of colors starting from white to brown which depends on its development and whether it is full of blood or not. Once it is fully developed, it becomes as big as a pea.
It can easily attach to various clothing and thus get to your skin so that it bites and sucks the blood. As mentioned before their bites are not always dangerous unless they are not infected with the bacterium that transmits Lyme disease. These ticks place the bacteria very deep in the skin which enters the blood thereby causing infections.
The tick is in fact a mite and there are several species of them, however the most common are the ones that affect the dogs or cats. Nonetheless, this micro-organism can attack humans and the person affected by their bite may not feel anything, but the body will send symptoms which you should not ignore them. Therefore, make sure to find out more about Lyme disease.
Signs of Lyme disease
The symptoms of a Lyme disease are different depending on the time the person has been bitten.
The first symptoms of the bite are flu-like symptoms, fatigue, headache, fever, chills, nausea and rash around the bite area.
Common symptoms that appear after several months or weeks after the actual bite are: stiffness in the neck, harsh headache, swollen lymph nodes, muscle spasms, swelling, tingling, sudden chills or night sweats, blurred vision, eye pain, numbness or throbbing pains in the arms and legs.
In a severe case the most common symptoms are the following: convulsions and disorders of the nervous system, abnormal heart rhythm, partial paralysis of the body, problems with eating, breathing, sleeping and talking; intermittent pain in the muscles, tendons, bones and joints and memory loss, brain fog or confusion.
Tips how to Protect Your Body from Tick Bites
- You will notice ticks more easily if you wear light colored clothes.
- Avoid walking in woods or areas with tall grass and bushes.
- Wear long sleeved shirts.
- Wear closed-toed shoes with your socks pulled on your pants.
- Always use insect repellents.
- Shower after your visit in the nature and inspect your body for any bites.
- Check carefully your pets and children for any tick bites. Carefully inspect the hair, the ears in and around, the belly button, and the underarms.
How to properly remove a tick?
Once you are bitten with a tick it is most likely that the tick is still there on your skin. The more the tick is stuck on your skin the more are the chances of contracting a Lyme disease. Hence, make certain to remove it 12 hours after the bite. You should not either crush or destroy the tick because it can make a puncture in the skin, and the bacteria can be easily transferred to the fingers as well.
Therefore, you should use ticks that are sold in pharmacies or tweezers which you must disinfect prior and after the use. Grab the tick near the skin and turn slowly till it comes off.
Do not discard the tick in your garbage bin because it may still bite you, but once you have pulled it keep it in a tissue or a piece of tape. If you notice any symptom of a Lyme diseases visit your doctor along with the pulled tick.