The school time is the time when our children get easily infected by viruses; this also applies for kindergartens, and even college students.
This is something which we cannot prevent as the viruses are everywhere in the room. For these infections we do not have the shots like for the diseases mumps and rubella which are being successfully prevented due to the regular inoculations. Even the flu can be prevented with the annual shot and thus prevent most of the winter contagious ailments.
However, the HFMD (Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease) is difficult to prevent and there are over 200,000 cases of this disease every year in America.
Moreover, experts at the West Central Health District in Georgia predict that this year might be a record-breaking year for this disease, and there are already the first indications as there are many reports of outbreaks in schools and colleges.
This is a common disease all around the world because it is easily transmitted due to the group of people commonly involved like the children and students which cannot take the necessary precautions. Plus, it is extremely contagious illness which is spread very easily through mucus or saliva. This means through kissing, handshaking or just being with the infected person in the same room.
As a result of this it is widely spread in kindergartens and pre-schools where the children are normally covered in snot and spit.
College students are also very much affected from this ailment due to their habit of sharing drinks or meals. Likewise, their weak immune system as a result ofexhaustion and lack of sleep contributesto the occurrence of this disease.
The older generation is as well as affected by it due to their weak immunity, especially the elderly people living in nursing homes. However, we cannot state for sure that the people that do not belong to these risk groups are being immune to the disease as there are many germs present in our work and living environment.
It is important to detect the disease on time in order to stop the spreading and start the appropriate treatment. For that reason you need to recognize the first symptoms which are very similar to the flu. The symptoms are not life-threatening or intense, but they are quite unpleasant.
Common HFMD Symptoms
- Sore throat
- Itchy red spots appearing on the mouth, hands, and feet
- Sores on the genitals and legs
The good thing is that in most cases, the virus clears up on its own after a week or two. Nonetheless, this is a contagious disease and if you have it in the family you should stay at home and thus avoiding it to spread it to other people. You need to visit your doctor as well.
Commonly the symptoms are mild;however the adverse effects can get severe particularly if aged people or persons with weakened immune systems are being affected.
The occurrence of HFMD may lead to severe brain infections like meningitis and encephalitis. The symptoms need to get treated on time as if that is not the case and left untreated for a few weeks, children might lose some of their fingernails or toenails.
According to CDC HFMD outbreaks have not been common in the USA, however this year may be different as there is a huge outbreak in Georgia, and could affect South Eastern US or other regions of the country.
If you already reside in the affected areas, make sure to wash the hands after leaving the bathroom and before your meals.The hygiene habits need to be followed adamantly.
If your child is being affected or you are having doubts that it might have HFMD, then for sure it should stay at home. The person who needs to be nearby the infected person and the one that had a possible contact with the illness, it should rest and drink plenty of fluids, even if the symptoms are mild like slight pain in the throat as a result of the sores.
The video below gives more information on HFMD: